In 1897 Koppitz started as an assistent at the studio of Robert Rotter in Bruntál. Na After working for a while doing contact prints, he took off to Vienna in 1912 to study graphic arts.
There he became inspired by the Wiener Secession (Gustav Klimt) and picturalism. His early work consisted of landscape and city photographs. He travelled Europa and even visited Delft in The Netherlands. From the early 1920s he became mostly known for his body and movement studies, partially inspired by Jugendstil.
He died in 1936 in Vienna, after becoming somewhat famous in the US for his then considered to be provocative works.